28 Jan 2012

Rawat pesakit dementia guna bilik 1950-an

BRISTOL - Usaha hospital ini sememangnya patut dipuji, Bristol Royal menjadi rumah sakit pertama di Britain untuk menghasilkan bilik rawatan mudah alih bertemakan hiasan perabot pada era 1950-an yang digunakan untuk merawat pesakit demensia.

Semasa proses rawatan, lagu pada era itu akan turut dimainkan kerana ia dipercayai dapat menghiburkan pesakit selain membantu memulihkan semula ingatan mereka.

Hospital tersebut turut berhasrat untuk menambah bilangan bilik rawatan mudah alih itu dan merancang membina hiasan perabot menggunakan tema 1940-an dan 1960-an.

“Kami akan merekrut lebih ramai sukarelawan untuk sama-sama membantu pesakit mengimbau kembali kenangan mereka pada zaman tersebut,” menurut seorang jurucakap hospital.

Sumber asal: Sinar Harian

Info tambahan:

The word dementia comes from the Latin de meaning "apart" and mens from the genitive mentis meaning "mind". Dementia is the progressive deterioration in cognitive function - the ability to process thought (intelligence).

Progressive means the symptoms will gradually get worse. The deterioration is more than might be expected from normal aging and is due to damage or disease. Damage could be due to a stroke, while an example of a disease might be Alzheimer's.

What are the symptoms of dementia?

Memory loss - the patient may forget his way back home from the shops. He may forget names and places. He may find it hard to remember what happened earlier on during the day.

Moodiness - the patient may become more and more moody as parts of the brain that control emotion become damaged. Moods may also be affected by fear and anxiety - the patient is frightened about what is happening to him.

Communicative difficulties - the affected person finds it harder to talk read and/or write.
As the dementia progresses, the patient's ability to carry out everyday tasks diminishes and he may not be able to look after himself.

Source: Medical News Today - What is Dementia? What Causes Dementia? Symptoms of Dementia

Types of dementia

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia. Damaged tissue builds up in the brain and forms deposits called ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’ which cause the cells around them to die. It also affects chemicals in the brain which transmit messages from one cell to another.

Vascular dementia, where the arteries supplying blood to the brain become blocked which leads to small strokes when parts of the brain die as they are starved of oxygen.

Lewy body dementia is caused by small protein deposits in the brain, and symptoms closely resembles Parkinson’s disease

Fronto-temporal dementia is caused by damage to the front of the brain and is more likely to cause personality change

Many other illnesses can cause dementia. Physical illnesses which cause memory problems include:

Kidney, liver or thyroid problems.
Shortage of some vitamins (although this is rare).
Chest or urine infections can lead to confusion and can be treated with antibiotics.
Rarer conditions such as Huntington’s disease, which causes dementia in younger people.
Depression can cause a “pseudo-dementia” which can get better with antidepressants and talking therapy.

Source: BBC Heaalth - Dementia

simieY: positif, akan turut dilaksanakan di Malaysia.


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